Public Administration and Control Authorities, in compliance with the provisions of national and regional Laws, ask for careful and accurate studies of the acoustic climate of areas where industrial and residential sites coexist. The aim is to make more comfortable this coexistence and to estimate the compatibility of new settlements with the level of acoustic pollution of the mixed destination areas, with special consideration of transport noise as one of the main sources of annoyance. The paper refers to a comparison of experiences in noise mapping and action planning performed by the authors in Italy and in Russia according to the respective national laws and standards. Case studies concerning areas with point industrial sources and significant linear sources are described. Methods for noise mapping of urban sites interested by the proximity of heavy traffic urban road, regional and national motorways and railway lines are shown, as well as methodological approaches and models used to determine the acoustic climate of residential areas which formerly had industrial destination. With common reference to the ISO and other specific international standards, a compared analysis of different indexes and limits has been performed.
Autori: Luzzi, Vasilyev